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The majority of people who lived in ancient Egypt had relatively simple lives. At the core of daily life in ancient Egypt was the family. Young men would typically take a wife in their late teens or early twenties. Girls married soon after they were capable of bearing children. Married couples often referred to each other as brother and sister, although outside of the royal family spouses were probably not related. Children were considered essential to the ideal family. Families were often very large since as many as half of all children may not have survived into adulthood.

The majority of ancient Egyptians were farmers by trade. Commonly cultivated foods included figs, grapes, barley, onions, leeks, garlic, cucumbers, water melons, chickpeas, dates, and lettuce. Many of these crops were planted using a simple cattle drawn plow to turn the soil, and a sower who would scatter the seeds by hand. If the ground had recently been flooded by the yearly inundation the planting process could be simplified to merely throwing the seeds about and then turning sheep or other light weight loose on the land to stamp in the seeds.

Life was not all work in ancient Egypt. Games were very popular. Children played all manner of games outside such as wrestling and juggling. Both children and adults enjoyed board games as well. One of the most popular board games in ancient Egypt was Senet. Another popular board game was jackals and hounds.

Cleanliness, hygiene, and appearance were very important to the ancient Egyptians. People washed frequently and used a wide variety of tools, such as razors, mirrors, and to help groom their appearance. If they could be afforded, oils and beauty lotions were commonly used for everything from treating acne to preventing wrinkles. There was even a formula to "turn an old man into a young one!"

Life for the average ancient Egyptian was simple and focused on the necessities. It may not have been as glamorous as the lives of the rulers, but it was the reality for the majority of the people of ancient Egypt.

The ancient Egyptians interacted with a variety of different ancient cultures. Many of the groups they interacted with came from Mesopotamia. The word "Mesopotamia" is Greek and translates to the "land between the rivers," referring to the Tigris and Euphrates rivers along contemporary Iraq, northeastern Syria, southeastern Turkey, and southwestern Iran.

Mesopotamia housed some of the world's most ancient states, such as the Akkaian kingdom, Third Dynasty of Ur, the Assyrian empire, and the historically important cities of uruk, Nippur, Nineveh and Babylon. Several great leaders such as Sargon II, Nebuchadnezzar II and Hammurabi all hailed from this region.